Residual Stresses in Heat Treatment

Mohanty, O N (1994) Residual Stresses in Heat Treatment. In: Workshop on Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering of Iron and Steels (HTIS-94), May 11-13, 1994, NML, Jamshedpur.



There are two kinds of stresses that an object may be subjected to: (a) Applied Stresses - which is due to external forces acting on the object. (b) Residual Stress - which remains in the object after all the applied forces have been removed. The basic cause of residual stress is non-uniform plastic flow due to previous operations. Some specific causes are heat treatment, welding, mechanical operations such as cold working, grinding & so on. Residual stresses must form a balanced force system within the object, which implies that a residual compressive stresses in one part of an object must be balanced by residual tensile stress in another part. Residual stresses may be harmful or beneficial. When tensile in nature, it adversely affects the fatigue prop-erties in particular & ductility in general. When it is compressive in nature, as for example, in carburizing or after induction/flame hardening, the fatigue properties improve. Another example of beneficial compressive stress is the steel reinforced prestressed concrete. Residual and applied stresses add algebraically, as long as their sum does not exceed the elastic limit. It is therefore necessary for a designer to know the level and nature of the residual stress so that he could prescribe safe levels of applied stress for an engineering component.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Residual Stresses; external forces; tensile stress; engineering component
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:5773
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:11 Jul 2012 09:04
Last Modified:11 Jul 2012 09:04
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