Indian Coals for Sponge Iron Process

Bagchi, S and Raychaudhuri, K K and Raja, K (1973) Indian Coals for Sponge Iron Process. In: Symposium on Science and Technology of Sponge Iron and Its Conversion to Steel, Feb. 19-21, 1973, CSIR - National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur.



IN CONTRAST to conventional two stage process of steel making via blast furnace, direct steel making with pre-reduced iron ores or agglomerates have attracted attent-ion in recent times.This is particularly so for devolop-ing countries where there is availability of other raw materials for iron making but there is dearth of or limited resources of coking coal and abundant supply of other type of non coking coals. In terms of energy equi-valent, availability of . solid fuel is many hundred times more than that of natural gas. Extensive attempts have therefore been made to utilise non coking coals to produce iron by non conventional methods such as direct reduction processes. The solid iron produced by reduction technique known as 'sponge' can then be trans-formed into steel by melting. An attempt has been made in the paper to indicate the available resources of Indian coals, their nature and property which may be considered suitable for the prod-uction of sponge i ron either as such or after benef-iciation. Indications have also been given for the possi-bility of utilising char from the fluid bed carbonisation of non coking coal where such material can be obtained from an integrated formed coke plant.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Indian coals; sponge iron process; energy equivalent
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:4563
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:10 Jan 2012 15:50
Last Modified:10 Jan 2012 15:50
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