Design and characterization of Cameroonian pegmatite-calcined clay binary mortars via geopolymerisation

Nana, Achile and Singla, Rashmi and Epey, Noela and Kassem, N N and Sakue, E N and Rodrigue, C K and Kamseu, E and Kumar, Sanjay and Leonelli, C (2023) Design and characterization of Cameroonian pegmatite-calcined clay binary mortars via geopolymerisation. Journal of Building Engineering, 76 .

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In this work, geopolymer binders obtained from a mixture of Cameroonian pegmatite and type 1/ 1 calcined clays (metakaolin and metahalloysite) at different proportions (10-30 wt%) were used for the formulation of mortars. The kinetic parameters of the reactivity of the pegmatite mixed with different calcined clays in an alkaline medium were evaluated via the heat of reaction data measured at an isothermal conduction calorimeter (ICC) at 27 degrees C for the first 24 h. As feedstock precursors, the different products obtained were characterized by means of mechanical flexural and compressive resistances (dry and wet), physical properties, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscope. The results showed that the compressive strength values vary with the type and percentage of calcined clays. The highest values were achieved with mortars containing 30 wt% of the different calcined clays, ranging from approximately 25-35 MPa in dry conditions. The flexural strength values of the mortars increase also with the incorporation of calcined clay and vary from 1.0 to 4.5 MPa. After 72 h of immersion of these samples in water, they lost less than 60% of their mechanical performance. The water absorption rate of the mortars decreases with the incorporation of calcined clays and ranges from 7.5 to 13.8%. FT-IR indicated the reactivity of pegmatite during the geopolymerisation process while SEM micrographs exhibited a better cohesion between the aggregates (river sand, 200 & mu;m & LE; ɸ & LE; 2000 & mu;m) and the binder. The above-mentioned pegmatite-calcined clay mortars appear to be a suitable candidate for engineering applications (civil engineering).

Item Type:Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords:Feldspathic minerals, pegmatite, calcined clay, kinetic reactions, geopolymer mortars, inorganic polymers, geopolymers, structural analysis, thermal –treatment, silica fume, metakaolin, waste, activation, replacement, composites, strength
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:9444
Deposited By:HOD KRIT
Deposited On:22 Sep 2023 15:55
Last Modified:22 Sep 2023 15:55
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