Mandal, D and Murmu, Laxmi and Choudhury, C and Singh, Gaurav and Sahoo, K L (2019) Influence of alloying elements and grain refiner on microstructure, mechanical and wear properties of Mg-Al-Zn alloys. Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, 58(2) . pp. 241-251.
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In the present investigation, the effects of alloying elements (Sn, Pb) and grain refiner (Ag, Zr) on microstructure, mechanical and wear properties of as-cast Mg-Al-Zn alloys were studied. The alloys were prepared through melting-casting route under a protective atmosphere and cast into a permanent mould. The microstructure of the base alloy consisted of α-Mg, Mg17Al12 continuous eutectic phase at the grain boundary and Mg-Zn phase was distributed within the grains. Addition of Sn and Pb suppressed the formation of continuous Mg17Al12 eutectic phase and formed Pb enriched Mg2Sn precipitates at the grain boundary as well as inside the grain. The Ag and Zr addition to Mg-Al-Zn-Sn-Pb alloy suppressed the Mg17Al12 phase formation and refined the grains leading to improve mechanical properties. Addition of Sn, Pb and grain refiner (Ag, Zr) significantly enhanced the tensile strength and elongation but reduced hardness. The Ag addition imparted best tensile properties, where ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and elongation are 205 MPa and 8.0%, respectively. The fracture surfaces were examined under SEM which revealed cleavage facets and dimple formation. Therefore, the cleavage fracture and dimple rupture were considered as the dominant fracture mechanisms for developed Mg alloys. The cumulative volume loss of Mg alloys increased with sliding distance and applied load. The coefficient of friction decreased with sliding distance. The microscopic observation, analysis of the wear surface and coefficient of friction revealed that the wear mechanism of developed Mg alloys changes from abrasion oxidation to delamination wear.
|Mg-Al-Zn alloy, microstructure, mechanical properties, wear properties
|Material Science and Technology
|Sahu A K
|26 Sep 2019 07:53
|26 Sep 2019 07:53
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