Conventional and in situ tensile test of friction stir welded steel – Optimization of processing parameters

Husain, M M and Ghosh, M and Sarkar, R and Pal, T K and Prabhu, N (2018) Conventional and in situ tensile test of friction stir welded steel – Optimization of processing parameters. Materialwiss. Werkstofftech, 49 (IF-0.393). pp. 991-1005.

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In the present investigation, steel plates were joined at different tool traversing speed by friction stir welding keeping other parameters same. Microstructural char- acterization was carried out with optical and scanning electron microscopes. At weld nugget pearlite and bainite were present within ferrite matrix. Thermo-me- chanically and heat affected zones microstructure consisted of pearlite and ferrite. Second phase area fraction and matrix grain size at different regions were varied depending on welding parameters. Weld nugget exhibited substantial improvement in microhardness with respect to base metal. In this respect heat affected zone re- vealed minimum microhardness and was below base metal value. Tensile tests were carried out on standard and miniature specimens in scanning electron micro- scope. Highest joint efficiency to the tune of ~82 % and ~120 % of that of base metal obtained for standard and miniature specimens, respectively machined from weld fabricated at lowest welding speed. With increment in welding speed assem- bly strength was reduced for both types of specimens. Standard specimens failed from heat affected zone and miniature specimens failed through centre of weld nugget. Apart from matrix grain size and second phase area fraction, precipitation of microalloyed carbide / carbonitride was responsible for altering the joint strength.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Friction stir welding / carbon steel / peak temperature / cooling rate / in situ tensile test
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:7870
Deposited By:Dr. A K Sahu
Deposited On:24 Sep 2018 09:03
Last Modified:24 Sep 2018 09:03
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