Cyclic plastic deformation behaviour of a directionally solidified nickel base superalloy at 850 degrees C: Damage micromechanisms

Rai, R K and Sahu, J K and Das, S K and Paulose, N and Fernando, D.C and Srivastava, C (2018) Cyclic plastic deformation behaviour of a directionally solidified nickel base superalloy at 850 degrees C: Damage micromechanisms. Materials Characterization, 141 (IF-3.220). pp. 120-128.

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Dislocation based deformation micromechanisms during low cycle fatigue deformation of nickel base superalloy CM 247 DS LC at 850 degrees C was investigated by conducting fatigue tests employing constant strain amplitudes for strain ratio (R) values of 0, -1 and carrying out extensive SEM and TEM examinations. Cyclic life of the alloy reduces for all fatigue tests conducted employing R = 0 in comparison with R = -1 owing to sustained mean stress developed during fatigue at R = 0. TEM examinations confirmed that sustained mean stress developed during low strain amplitude fatigue test (Delta epsilon/2 = 0.5%) using R = 0 condition prevented slip transfer from gamma-channels to gamma'-precipitates and resulted in the formation of dislocation substructures such as networks, nodes etc. and also promoted dislocation looping around gamma'-precipitates. Lower fatigue life at R = 0 is mainly attributed to the development of these types of substructures, which promotes strain localization in both intra as well intergranular regions. Whereas, in specimen fatigue tested (Delta epsilon/2 = 0.5%) using R = -1 condition, shearing of gamma'-precipitates by APB coupled dislocation and formation of stacking faults were observed. The formation and nature of stacking faults were analysed using weak beam imaging technique. Stacking fault formed during fatigue tests using R = -1 condition matured to micro-twins when Delta epsilon/2 value was increased to 0.8%. The mechanism of formation of these microtwins is discussed in detail. SEM based microstructural and fractographic examinations revealed that mean stress induced creep effect resulted in intergranular crack initiation and grain boundary cavitation during fatigue tests under R = 0 condition and therefore verified the facts revealed in TEM studies.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Characterization; Low cycle fatigue; Mean stress; Cyclic life; Dislocation; Superalloy; Ni-Based Superalloy; Fatigue; Single; Temperatures; Stress; Alloys; Dislocations; Mechanisms; Shearing; Strain
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:7861
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:20 Sep 2019 10:08
Last Modified:20 Sep 2019 10:08
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