Mill scale as a potential additive to improve the quality of hematite ore pellet

Rajshekhar, Y and Pal, J and Venugopalan, T (2018) Mill scale as a potential additive to improve the quality of hematite ore pellet. Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review, 39(3) (IF-1.5). pp. 202-210.



Hematite pellet is required to be indurated at very high temperature to achieve its good strength as there is no exothermic heat of oxidation unlike magnetite. As mill scale contains mainly FeO and Fe3O4, any minor amount of its addition in pellet can provide in situ heat and enhance diffusion bonding and sintering. In this study, the mill scale generated in steel plant is added asmagnetite input in hematite pellet both in acidic and in basic condition. It has been found that in fluxed pellet, mill scale can improve the properties of pellet. In acidic pellet, the induration temperature has been reduced to a great extent (1250–1275°C) and all properties have been found to be improved due to the addition of 15%mill scale. Mill scale shows enough potential to eliminate the flux addition in producing blast furnace quality pellet from hematite ore. Thus, the flux free acidic pellet has been developed even at very low temperature (1275°C) of induration.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:pelletizing, mill scale, energy reduction
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:7812
Deposited By:Dr. J Pal
Deposited On:13 Jun 2018 12:28
Last Modified:18 Jun 2018 11:55
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