Recovery of Iron Values from Iron Ore Slimes using Reagents

Chintala, Rajesh and Rath, R K and Kumar, Anil (2016) Recovery of Iron Values from Iron Ore Slimes using Reagents. Journal of Materials & Metallurgical Engineering, 6(3) . pp. 32-43.



Mining wastes include waste generated during the extraction, beneficiation or processing of minerals like iron ore fines, slimes and tailings. Approximately 10–20% of the raw material is discarded as slimes in to slime ponds/tailing dams. Recovery of iron values from slimes result in economic benefit by utilization of waste as a resource and minimizes the threat to the environment. The iron ore slime is generally considered as waste due to its ultrafine nature and its processing limitations. The chemical analysis of the present iron ore slime is 34.75% Fe with 21.94% SiO 2 , and 14.4% Al 2 O 3 . This research work presents the route to size enlargement of slime using reagents and enrichment of iron values by various beneficiation techniques for the effective utilization of iron ore slime. Screen analysis revealed that 90% of the particles are smaller than 80.15 µm. In the present investigation, the recovery of lost iron values from iron ore slime waste was attempted using different beneficiation techniques like Enhanced gravity separation (EGS) Falcon concentrator, Gravity separation by Mineral separator and Vanner, and selective flocculation after treatment with various reagents. Mineral separator generated a concentrate assaying 46.3% Fe with 56.2% recovery using polyacrylamide flocculant at 90 sec collection time and similarly Vanner produced a concentrate assaying 54.5% Fe with a recovery of 41.6% using CMC. From selective flocculation studies, a concentrate assaying 45.3% Fe with 42.1 yield % was obtained using modified corn starch at a settling time of 5 min, as starch facilitates the selective adsorption on iron particles, which in turn leads to enhancement in selectivity and recovery.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Iron ore slime, Tailing dams, Gravity, Enhanced gravity separator, Reagent
Divisions:Mineral Processing
ID Code:7713
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:17 Nov 2017 14:33
Last Modified:17 Nov 2017 14:33
Related URLs:

Repository Staff Only: item control page