Synthesis and characterisation of geopolymer from Nigerian Clay

Ogundiran, M B and Kumar, Sanjay (2015) Synthesis and characterisation of geopolymer from Nigerian Clay. Applied Clay Science, 108 (IF-2.703). pp. 173-181.

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Nigerian Ikere-clay has been characterised for its possible use in synthesis of geopolymer binder. The significance of endothermic peaks at the dissolution/hydrolysis stage on alkaline reactivity of the clay and geopolymer strength development was also investigated. The clay, which was of kaolin type, was thermally treated to convert it into amorphous metakaolin which is more reactive precursor for geopolymer synthesis. Geopolymer has been synthesised at ambient temperature using sodium hydroxide and/or sodium silicate solution. The characteristics of clay and clay derived geopolymer were evaluated using x-ray fluorescence (XRF), x-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infra-red spectrometry (FTIR), laser particle size analyser and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray analysis (SEM-EDX). The reactions occurred during geopolymerisation were monitored using isothermal conduction calorimeter. FTIR revealed the existence of Al-O and Si-O stretching vibrations of amorphous alumino-silicate network for clay and geopolymers. SEM-EDX images confirmed the presence of reaction product corresponding to NASH (N = NaO, A = Al2O3, S = SiO2, H = H2O) gel. Attempts were made to correlate the microstructure with strength development. The maximum compressive strength of 28.2 MPa was obtained for geopolymer that was synthesised with NaOH/Na2SiO3 solution and cured at 27 degrees C for 28 days. The samples with good compressive strength showed compact microstructure. The results demonstrated the suitability of Nigerian kaolinitic clay for synthesis of geopolymer at ambient temperatures. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Calcined clay; Aluminosilicate; Reactivity; Geopolymer; Ikere-clay
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:7249
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:11 Jun 2015 10:36
Last Modified:11 Jun 2015 10:36
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