Thermal Exfoliation of Natural Cellulosic Material for Graphene Synthesis

Ray, Ajoy K and Chatterjee, S and Singh, J K and Bapari, H (2015) Thermal Exfoliation of Natural Cellulosic Material for Graphene Synthesis. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 24(1) (IF-0.981). pp. 80-84.

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Hibiscus flower petals have been used as a cheap natural resource precursor for cost-effective synthesis of high quality graphene by thermal exfoliation process. In order to compare the quality of graphene obtained from the flower petals directly with the flower petals pretreated with nickel(II) chloride, Raman spectroscopic technique has been used as the structural probe. The role of temperature and the effect of nickel on thermal exfoliation process have been examined. It has been observed that graphene obtained via nickel incorporation is of better quality because NI2+ ions that get dispersed in the layered-structured cellulose at elevated temperatures get reduced to the metallic state, which in turn push the graphitic layers during thermal exfoliation to produce good quality graphene. In contrast, no such driving force is present in cellulose and hemi-cellulose of flower petals that contain lignin.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:electron microscopy; graphene; hibiscus flower petals; Raman spectroscopy; thermal exfoliation
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:7222
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:16 Apr 2015 09:58
Last Modified:16 Apr 2015 09:58
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