Development of new cyclic plasticity model for 304LN stainless steel through simulation and experimental investigation

Khutia, N and Dey, P P and Sivaprasad, S and Tarafder, S (2014) Development of new cyclic plasticity model for 304LN stainless steel through simulation and experimental investigation. Mechanics of Materials, 78 (IF-2.225). pp. 85-101.

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Cyclic plastic deformation characteristics of 304LN stainless steel material have been studied with two proposed cyclic plasticity models. Model MM-I has been proposed to improve the simulation of ratcheting phenomenon and model MM-II has the capability to simulate both cyclic hardening and softening characteristics of the material at various strain ranges. In the present paper, strain controlled simulations are performed with constant, increasing and decreasing strain amplitudes to verify the influences of loading schemes on cyclic plasticity behaviors through simulations and experiments. It is observed that the material 304LN exhibits non Masing characteristics under cyclic plastic deformation. The measured deviation from Masing is well established from the simulation as well as from experiment. Simulation result shows that the assumption of only isotropic hardening is unable to explain the hardening or softening characteristics of the material in low cycle fatigue test. The introduction of memory stress based cyclic hardening coefficient and an exponentially varying ratcheting parameter in the recall term of kinematic hardening rule, have resulted in exceptional improvement in the ratcheting simulation with the proposed model, MM-II. Plastic energy, shape and size of the hysteresis loops are additionally used to verify the nature of cyclic plasticity deformations. Ratcheting test and simulation have been performed to estimate the accumulated plastic strain with different mean and amplitude stresses. In the proposed model MM-I, a new proposition is incorporated for yield stress variation based on the memory stress of loading history along with the evolution of ratcheting parameter with an exponential function of plastic strain. These formulations lead to better realization of ratcheting rate in the transient cycles for all loading schemes. Effect of mean stress on the plastic energy is examined by the simulation model, MM-I. Finally, the micro structural investigation from transmission electronic microscopy is used to correlate the macroscopic and microscopic non Masing behavior of the material. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cyclic plasticity; Low cycle fatigue; Ratcheting; Kinematic hardening; Memory stress; 304LN stainless steel
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:7107
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:07 Nov 2014 14:20
Last Modified:04 May 2016 14:09
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