An insight into the changes in the thermal analysis curves of boehmite with mechanical activation

Alex, T C (2014) An insight into the changes in the thermal analysis curves of boehmite with mechanical activation. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 117 (IF-2.206). pp. 163-171.

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This study deals with the changes in the thermal transformation behaviour of boehmite with mechanical activation (MA), carried out in planetary mill. Observed changes in the TG-DTG-DTA curves are: shifting of the desorption of physically adsorbed water to higher temperature, decrease in the γ-Al2O3 transformation temperature and its peak area, formation of α-Al2O3, not observed for unmilled boehmite upto 1200ºC, for milling time ≥ 60 min. Reasons for such changes are explored on the basis of physicochemical changes occurring as a result of high energy milling. Structural degradation is found to increase with increase in milling time. As a consequence of structural changes, Al-OH bonds get stronger whereas the hydrogen bonds get weaker. Stronger Al-OH bonding and enhanced surface energy increases water affinity and delays its removal. Decreased hydrogen bond strength, easy exit of dehydroxylation product (water) and displacement of Al to tetrahedral positions makes the γ-Al2O3 transformation easier. Ease of removal of residual hydroxyls from small crystallite transition alumina from MA boehmite, as a result of shorter diffusion path, ensures α-Al2O3 transformation at lower temperature.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Boehmite Mechanical activation; Crystallite size, Hydrogen bond, Dehydroxylation, Thermal transformation
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:6952
Deposited By:Dr Thomas C Alex
Deposited On:16 Jun 2014 10:11
Last Modified:04 May 2016 16:44
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