Comparison Between Different Processing Schedules for the Development of Ultrafine-Grained Dual-Phase Steel

Karmakar, A and Sivaprasad, S and Nath, S K and Misra, R D K and Chakrabarti, D (2014) Comparison Between Different Processing Schedules for the Development of Ultrafine-Grained Dual-Phase Steel. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 45A(5) (IF-1.730). pp. 2466-2479.

Restricted to NML users only. Others may use ->



A comparative study was carried out on the development of ultrafine-grained dual-phase (DP) (ferrite-martensite) structures in a low-carbon microalloyed steel processed using two thermomechanical processing routes, (i) intercritical deformation and (ii) warm-deformation and intercritical annealing. The samples were deformed using Gleeble3500(A (R)) simulator, maintaining a constant total strain (epsilon = 1) and strain rate ( = 1/s). Evolution of microstructure and micro-texture was investigated by SEM, TEM, and EBSD. Ultrafine-grained DP structures could be formed by careful selection of deformation temperature, T (def) (for intercritical deformation) or annealing temperature, T (anneal) (for warm-deformation and annealing). Overall, the ferrite grain sizes ranged from 1.5 to 4.0 mu m, and the sizes and fractions of the uniformly distributed fine-martensitic islands ranged from 1.5 to 3.0 mu m and 15 to 45 pct, respectively. Dynamic strain-induced austenite-to-ferrite transformation followed by continuous (dynamic) recrystallization of the ferrite dictated the grain refinement during intercritical deformation, while, continuous (static) recrystallization by pronounced recovery dictated the grain refinement during the warm-deformation and the annealing. Regarding intercritical deformation, the samples cooled to T (def) indicated finer grain size compared with the samples heated to T (def), which are explained in terms of the effects of strain partitioning on the ferrite and the heating during deformation. Alpha-fiber components dominated the texture in all the samples, and the fraction of high-angle boundaries (with > 15 deg misorientation) increased with the increasing T (def) or T (anneal), depending on the processing schedule. Fine carbide particles, microalloyed precipitates and austenitic islands played important roles in defining the mechanism of grain refinement that involved retarding conventional ferrite recrystallization and ferrite grain growth. With regard to the intercritical deformation, warm-deformation followed by annealing is a simpler process to control in the rolling mill; however, the need for high-power rolling mill and controlled annealing facility imposes industrial challenges

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:C-Mn Steel; Warm deformation; Intercritical region; Carbon-steel; Mu-M; Recrystallization; Martensite; Strength; Microstructure
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:6931
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:02 Jun 2014 12:53
Last Modified:04 May 2016 14:07
Related URLs:

Repository Staff Only: item control page