Study of interactions of frother blends and its effect on coal flotation

Dey, Shobhana and Pani, Santosh and Singh, Ratnakar (2014) Study of interactions of frother blends and its effect on coal flotation. Powder Technology, 260 (IF-2.269). pp. 78-83.

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Frothers are surface active molecules and facilitate to produce more mechanically stable froth by reducing the surface tension at air–water interface. It adsorbs at the air–water interface and serves to reduce the loss of water fromthe lamellae of bubble. In this investigation weak and powerful frothers, like methyl isobutyl carbinol (MIBC) and polyethylene glycol-600 (PEG)were used for studying the surface tension of frother blends at various concentrations. Gibb's surface excess adsorption and surface area were determined from the rate of change of surface tension with logarithm of concentration. The high surface area per molecule of PEG signifies that little amount is enough to significantly reduce the interfacial tension at the air–water interface. The foam volume and its stability were measured for single frothers and their blend. The foam stability (foaminess) of single MIBC is very less however; it could be improved significantly using a small amount of strong frother (PEG). Flotation studies of coal fines fromeastern part of Indiawere carried outwith the above two types of frothers and their blend. The performances were compared with reference to recovery of combustibles for clean coal and rejects. Itwas found that coal concentrate contains high ashwith single PEGdue to high froth stability that results the entrainment of the gangues, while single MIBC produces high grade concentrate with low recovery. It was observed that the recovery of carbon value increases significantly when a 10% (w/w) of powerful frother was added with MIBC. The recovery of carbon at 90:10 ratio of frother blend is 77.6% at 17% ash. The recovery could be increased to 86% when ash in clean coal increases to 19.7% and loss of combustibles in the tailing could also be reduced to 14%.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Surface tension;Surface excess;Foaminess;Coal flotation; Frother blend
Divisions:Mineral Processing
ID Code:6922
Deposited By:Dr. Shobhana Dey
Deposited On:23 May 2014 19:55
Last Modified:04 May 2016 13:44
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