Effect of re-melting on particle distribution and interface formation in SiC reinforced 2124Al matrix composite

Mandal, D and Viswanathan, S (2013) Effect of re-melting on particle distribution and interface formation in SiC reinforced 2124Al matrix composite. Materials Characterization, 86 . pp. 21-27.

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The interface between metal matrix and ceramic reinforcement particles plays an important role in improving properties of the metal matrix composites. Hence, it is important to find out the interface structure of composite after re-melting. In the present investigation, the 2124Al matrix with 10 wt.% SiC particle reinforced composite was re-melted at 800 °C and 900 °C for 10 min followed by pouring into a permanent mould. The microstructures reveal that the SiC particles are distributed throughout the Al-matrix. The volume fraction of SiC particles varies from top to bottom of the composite plate and the difference increases with the decrease of re-melting temperature. The interfacial structure of re-melted 2124Al–10 wt.%SiC composite was investigated using scanning electron microscopy, an electron probe micro-analyzer, a scanning transmission electron detector fitted with scanning electron microscopy and an X-ray energy dispersive spectrometer. It is found that a thick layer of reaction product is formed at the interface of composite after re-melting. The experimental results show that the reaction products at the interface are associated with high concentration of Cu, Mg, Si and C. At re-melting temperature, liquid Al reacts with SiC to form Al4C3 and Al–Si eutectic phase or elemental Si at the interface. High concentration of Si at the interface indicates that SiC is dissociated during re-melting. The X-ray energy dispersive spectrometer analyses confirm that Mg- and Cu-enrich phases are formed at the interface region. The Mg is segregated at the interface region and formed MgAl2O4 in the presence of oxygen. The several elements identified at the interface region indicate that different types of interfaces are formed in between Al matrix and SiC particles. The Al–Si eutectic phase is formed around SiC particles during re-melting which restricts the SiC dissolution

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://eprints.nmlindia.org/6900
Uncontrolled Keywords:Al–SiC composite Interface reaction Elements distribution Reaction product
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:6900
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:10 Apr 2014 10:37
Last Modified:10 Apr 2014 10:37
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