Adsorptive remediation of Cu(II) and Cd(II) contaminated water using manganese nodule leaching residue

Randhawa, N S and Das, N N and Jana, R K (2013) Adsorptive remediation of Cu(II) and Cd(II) contaminated water using manganese nodule leaching residue. Desalination and Water Treatment, Online (IF-0.825). pp. 1-15.

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Investigations carried out for the application of manganese nodule leaching residue in the removal of Cu(II) and Cd(II) from aqueous solution by adsorption, are described. Several parameters namely pH of solution, time, initial concentration of adsorbate metal ion, residue dose etc. have been varied to study the feasibility of using residue as potential adsorbent for remediation of Cu(II) and Cd(II) contaminated water. The adsorption kinetics followed pseudo-second-order equation and the rate of adsorption increased with solution temperature. The equilibrium data was best fitted into Langmuir adsorption isotherm and the maximum adsorption capacities of washed manganese nodule residue (wMNR) towards Cu(II) and Cd(II) were found to be 26.95 mg g-1 and 32.26 mg g-1, at pH 5.5 and temperature 303 K, which improved to 40.32 mg g-1 and 38.17 mg g-1, respectively, upon raising the solution temperature to 323 K. Negative values of ΔGo indicated that adsorption of Cu(II) and Cd(II) onto wMNR was spontaneous. The activation energy for Cu(II) and Cd(II) adsorption onto wMNR ranged between 40-65 kJ mol−1. A mixed type uptake mechanism involving chemical interaction and diffusion inside adsorbent particle is discussed. This study would be useful for future application of this material in the remediation of copper contaminated wastewater.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://10.1080/19443994.2013.801324
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adsorption; Manganese nodules; Manganese nodule leached residue; Heavy metals, Chemisorption.
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:6828
Deposited By:Dr. Navneet Singh Randhawa
Deposited On:31 Jan 2014 16:09
Last Modified:31 Jan 2014 16:09
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