Plasma nitriding of AISI 304 stainless steel: Role of surface mechanical attrition treatment

Balusamy, T and Sankara Narayanan, T S N and Ravichandran, K and Park, Song and Lee, Min Ho (2013) Plasma nitriding of AISI 304 stainless steel: Role of surface mechanical attrition treatment. Materials Characterization, 85 (IF-1.880). pp. 38-47.

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The effect of surface roughness, volume fraction of martensite and the tendency to form CrN phase during plasma nitriding of AISI 304 stainless steel pretreated by surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) is studied and compared with those formed on its untreated counterpart. The study reveals that the deleterious influence of surface roughness induced by SMAT on the case depth of the nitrided layer, if any, is surpassed by the favourable influence of martensite phase formed during SMAT in promoting the diffusion of nitrogen. Surface nanocrystallization with slip bands and dislocations in 304 stainless steel samples subjected to SMAT promotes migration of chromium, resulting in the formation of higher amounts of CrN phase than the untreated one under similar conditions of nitriding. The difference in the hardness of the nitrided layer formed on untreated 304 SS and those subjected to SMAT at the top surface is similar to 600 VHN25gf. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT); Nitriding; Diffusion; Phase transformation; Hardness
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:6780
Deposited On:26 Dec 2013 16:38
Last Modified:04 Apr 2014 15:47
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