Lead content in new decorative paints in India

Mohanty, Ashok and Budhwani, Neha and Ghosh, Barun and Tarafder, Mita and Chakravarty, S (2013) Lead content in new decorative paints in India. Environment, Development and Sustainability .

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The paint industry in India is broadly classified into two categories: organized sector and unorganized sector. Multinational and big Indian companies form the organized sector, whereas the small- and medium-scale industries which produce paints for the local market form the unorganized sector. The present study was undertaken to determine the level of lead in decorative paints in India. A total of 148 paint samples sourced from four organized sector companies and six unorganized sector companies were analyzed for the total lead content. Results of this study reveal that 39 % of the total paints tested (n = 148) contain lead more than 300 ppm, the voluntary limit prescribed by Bureau of Indian Standards, BIS (IS 15489:2011), and 45 % of the tested paints contain lead more than 90 ppm, the US limit. Further analysis of the data indicates that only 5 % of the tested paints manufactured by organized sector companies contain lead more than 300 ppm (n = 91), whereas 93 % of the tested paints manufactured by unorganized sector companies contain lead more than 300 ppm (n = 57). Comparison with earlier reported data suggests that while organized sector companies are gradually abandoning the use of leadbased compounds in their paints, the unorganized sector companies are still adding lead based compounds intentionally in their paints despite the potential health hazards associated with it. The maximum concentration of lead obtained was 80,350 ppm in one of the paints manufactured by an unorganized sector company. The presence of high concentration of lead in yellow and green color paints indicates that color can be a predictor of lead content in decorative paints.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://10.1007/s10668-013-9455-z
Uncontrolled Keywords:Lead in paints Indian paint Organized sector Unorganized sector
Divisions:Analytical Chemistry
ID Code:6683
Deposited By:Dr. A K Mohanty
Deposited On:08 Aug 2013 18:05
Last Modified:08 Aug 2013 18:05
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