Leaching of Korean monazite for the recovery of rare earth metals

Panda, Rekha and Kumari, Archana and Hait, Jhumki and Sahu, S K and Jha, Manis K and Kumar, Vinay and Kumar, J Rajesh and Lee, Jin-Young (2012) Leaching of Korean monazite for the recovery of rare earth metals. In: NMD-ATM 2012, 16-19th November, 2012, Jamshedpur.



The technological innovations resulted in various applications using rare earth metals (REM), which lead to a steep increase in their demand. Monazite is the second most essential naturally occurring phosphate mineral containing REM. The present work reports the recovery of REM from Korean monazite which contained mainly 50.12% rare earth oxide and 29.4% phosphate. For the recovery of REM from monazite, the hydrometallurgical process consisting of alkaline leaching of phosphate followed by acid dissolution of REM has been reported. As the presence of phosphate decreases the leaching efficiency of REM from monazite, the studies were carried out initially for hot digestion of phosphate present in the monazite in an autoclave using sodium hydroxide, which resulted in the formation of RE oxide and soluble sodium phosphate. To get the optimum condition for phosphate decomposition by alkaline leaching, the various process parameters such as concentration of sodium hydroxide, temperature, mixing time and pulp density were studied. The obtained slurry was washed with hot water and filtered to get sodium phosphate in the solution. A maximum of 99% phosphate was removed from monazite concentrate using 50% sodium hydroxide solutions (wt./vol.) at 170oC in 4 h mixing time maintaining the pulp density of 100 g/L. From the phosphate free monazite sample, REM was leached out using hydrochloric acid. More than 95% of REM was found to be leached out using 6M HCl at constant pulp density 100 g/L, temperature 90oC and mixing time 2 h. Further studies are in progress to obtain pure solution and salts of REM from chloride leach liquor using recipitation/ solvent extraction/ ion-exchange techniques.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Official URL/DOI:http://eprints.nmlindia.org/6542
Uncontrolled Keywords:Monazite, Hot alkaline digestion, Dephosphorization, HCl leaching, Rare earth metals (REMs).
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:6542
Deposited On:23 Apr 2013 12:13
Last Modified:23 Apr 2013 12:13
Related URLs:

Repository Staff Only: item control page