Development of Fluxed Iron Oxide Pellets for Steel Making Utilizing Waste Materials

Pal, J and Ghorai, S and Singh, D P and Upadhyay, A K and Goswami, M C and Bandyopadhyaya, D and Ghosh, Dinabandhu and Ghosh, Sukomal (2009) Development of Fluxed Iron Oxide Pellets for Steel Making Utilizing Waste Materials. In: NMD-ATM 2009, November 14-17, 2009, Kolkata.



Lump lime is conventionally used as a flux material in steel making. However, use of burnt lump lime often creates problem in operation due to its high melting point, poor dissolution property, fine generation tendency and hygroscopic nature. Lime in combination with iron oxide may form a low melting oxidizing slag and makes the refining process faster. In this context, NML has developed a novel process of making fluxed pellet utilizing waste materials from steel plant without using any binder and without firing. The developed pellet shows very good cold crushing strength (30Kg/pellet), drop impact strength (150) and tumbler index (98%). The high temperature properties of the pellets like thermal shock resistance, melting point (1180oC) and dissolution time (30-60 sec) in molten bath are also found to be excellent. Performance of pellets has been assessed in a simulated oxygen bottom blown process in laboratory scale. Very fast decarburization and dephosphorization, improved metallic yield and decrease in oxygen consumption with controlled foaming are observed. Overall, in the present study the lime-fluxed iron ore pellets, developed in a binder-less room temperature process utilizing waste materials of steel plant are found to possess good cold handling and thermal properties, and favorable melting and refining characteristics, to warrant their application as a partial/complete substitute of the traditional scrap-lime combination in basic oxygen steel making or faster refining in steel making process.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fluxed pellet, Waste gas treatment, Dissolution, Refining
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:6457
Deposited On:14 Mar 2013 22:32
Last Modified:13 Nov 2013 16:37
Related URLs:

Repository Staff Only: item control page