Bioreactor leaching of uranium from a low grade Indian silicate ore

Abhilash, and Pandey, B D (2013) Bioreactor leaching of uranium from a low grade Indian silicate ore. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 71 (IF-2.645). pp. 111-117.

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Bio-leaching studies were carried out in a 2L bioreactor- BIOSTAT-B® equipped with a PLC based controller at 20-40% (w/w) pulp density using enriched culture of A.ferrooxidans for Turamdih uranium ore (Jharkhand, India). With the enriched culture of A.ferrooxidans adapted on Fe (II) at pH 2.0, 35oC and 20% (w/w) pulp density, a 98.3% uranium recovery was recorded in 14 days. The leaching of uranium in the bioreactor improved the dissolution rate by reducing the time from 40 days in shake flask as per our earlier studies to 14 days. While investigating the importance of biogenic Fe (III) in the bio-leaching process a maximum recovery of 84.7% U3O8 was observed at pH 2.0 and 20% (w/w) pulp density in 10h as compared to the uranium leaching of 38.3% in the control experiments. On raising the pulp density to 30%, uranium bio-recovery increased to 87.6% in 10h at pH 2.0 with <76µm size material. This showed a distinct advantage because of better mixing of slurry in the bioreactor with auto-controlled conditions that improved the kinetics.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:low-grade ore; uranium; mesophiles; bioreactors; fed-batch culture; mixing; biogenic Fe (III)
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:6338
Deposited By:Dr. Abhilash .
Deposited On:28 Jan 2013 10:51
Last Modified:27 Dec 2013 17:55
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