Flotation Of Quartz And Hematite: Adsorption Mechanism Of Mixed Cationic/Anionic Collector Systems

Vidyadhar, A and Kumari, Neha and Bhagat, R P (2012) Flotation Of Quartz And Hematite: Adsorption Mechanism Of Mixed Cationic/Anionic Collector Systems. In: XXIV International Mineral Processing Congress (IMPC) 2012, September 24-28, 2012, Hotel Ashok, Diplomatic Enclave, New Delhi.



Using pure quartz and hematite minerals, the adsorption mechanism of mixed cationic/anionic reagent schemes was investigated through Hallimond flotation studies. The flotation response of quartz and hematite independently with cationic and anionic collectors as well as with mixed cationic/anionic collector systems is assessed. The flotation response as a function of pH and collector concentration was investigated. The single mineral flotation tests in the presence of anionic collectors, quartz does not respond to flotation but the C12 amine flotation of quartz was observed to be pH and concentration dependent. It was observed that hematite flotation recovery is maximum at acidic pH with sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), neutral pH with oleate, and at basic pH about 9.5 with C12 amine. Flotation results with both quartz and hematite indicate an increased adsorption of cationic collector in the presence of anionic collector apart from its own co-adsorption. The incorporation of oleate in between C12 amine molecules decreases the electrostatic head-head repulsion and thereby increasing the adsorption of C12 amine due to attractive tail-tail hydrophobic bonds, besides forming a closely packed adsorbed layer enhancing the hydrophobicity. The increase in oleate concentration beyond C12 amine concentration leads to the formation of soluble diamine-oleate complex / precipitate and the adsorption of these species decreased the flotation since the alkyl chains are in chaotical orientation with a conceivable number of head groups directing towards the solution phase.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Official URL/DOI:http://eprints.nmlindia.org/6191
Uncontrolled Keywords:quartz, hematite, adsorption, mixed collector system, flotation, zeta-potential
Divisions:Mineral Processing
ID Code:6191
Deposited By:Dr. Vidyadhar Ari
Deposited On:23 Nov 2012 10:11
Last Modified:23 Nov 2012 10:11
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