Microbial Composite in Trivalent Chromium Remedition from Effluents

Abhilash, and Prakash, M and Mehta, K D and Pandey, B D (2011) Microbial Composite in Trivalent Chromium Remedition from Effluents. In: Proceedings of the Third International Congress on Non-ferrous metals (2011), September 7-9, 2011, Krasnoyarsk, Russia.



Chromium (III) in the industrial effluents is considered hazardous due to oxidation and therefore its remediation by alternate methodology such as biosorption has recently gained importance. Though sorption of Cr(III) on algae and fungi have been studied, their applications as fungal-clay composite is not much investigated. Growth of A.niger with bentonite showed release of spores and development of full cells in <72 h facilitating good metal uptake. In this study, Aspergillus niger and bentonite have been used to develop a composite sorbent and removal of Cr (III) from a model effluent solution of 100 ppm Cr(III) was investiga-ted. A maximum sorption of 85% Cr(III) was achieved with 1% (w/v) composite (1:6 ratio of biomass to bentonite) of <50 um size within a contact time of 5 min at 2.5 pH and 35 °C temperature. Increasing the pH up to 4.0 caused elevation in the degree of sorption. The composite was thus found to be effective sorbent to treat chromium (III) containing waste solutions.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:http://eprints.nmlindia.org/6126
Uncontrolled Keywords:effluent, chromium (III), bentonite, Aspergillus niger, microbial composites,
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:6126
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:09 Oct 2012 10:14
Last Modified:07 Aug 2015 14:48
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