Separation Processes-Solvent Extraction/ion Exchange for Metalions

Kumar, Manoj and Kumar, Vinay (2008) Separation Processes-Solvent Extraction/ion Exchange for Metalions. In: Training Course on Mineral Processing and Nonferrous Extractive Metallurgy, June 30 - July 5, 2008, Jamshedepur.



In the hydrometallurgical processing of complex ores/ concentrates/ secondaries/ wastes, the solutions contain-ing different non-ferrous metals are obtained during teaching the materials in acidic, ammoniacal or alkaline lixiviants. The spent solutions and effluents are also generated in different process industries and contain metallic values. Their discharge in the sewage or river is major concern for environment.. In order to meet the strict environmental regulation and conserve the natural resources, metallic values are to be recovered. The leach solutions, spent solution and effluents are usually proc-essed to recover metallic values following precipitation, solvent extraction, ion exchange, electrolysis, evaporat-ion, crystallization, electrodialysis etc. Solvent extrac-tion (SX) is one such proven technique in the hydromet-allurgical processing for selective extraction and sepa-ration of metals due to the ease of applicability, versa-tility and ability to produce high value products. It is used on commercial scale for the recovery of different metals from different solutions viz. copper, nickel, cobalt, zinc, tungsten molybdenum, uranium, rare earths etc. The effluents from waste streams are also processed to recover metals using organic extractants. With the development of improved design of SX equipment and mate-rial of construction and newer organic extractants, it is possible to recover metals as value added products even from the complex solutions containing various ionic species. The process has been used first time in USA for nuclear application for extraction of uranium from nitrate solution using ether. Subsequently, developments were made for efficient extraction of uranium from other complex solutions.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Electrolysis; exchange; evaporation; tungsten molybdenum
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:5897
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:16 Aug 2012 10:12
Last Modified:16 Aug 2012 10:12
Related URLs:

Repository Staff Only: item control page