Importance of Mineralogy in Mineral Processing

Das, Avimanyu and Singh, Ratnakar and Sahu, K K and Abhilash, and Goswami, N G (2008) Importance of Mineralogy in Mineral Processing. In: Training Course on Mineral Processing and Nonferrous Extractive Metallurgy, June 30 - July 5, 2008, Jamshedpur.



Mineral processing technology is evolved to separate and recover ore minerals from gangue in a commercially viable method and is mainly based on the process of mineral liberation and the process of mineral separation. Though ore is mined with the highest efficiency of the technology, the excavated ore gets partly contaminated by the surroun-ding host rock (overburden) and the geological material closely associated with the ore during mining. Both the materials are undesirable and hence form the gangue. Thus, the contributors to gangue may be igneous rock, sedi-mentary rock (shale, quartzite, phyllite), hydrothermal vein material, quartz reef and their metamorphic equi-valents. For example, chromite and magnetite may form in a magmatic crystallization process whereas iron ore may form in a sedimentary environment with the episodes of metamorphism, supergene enrichment and martitisation. So, the former is associated with ultramafics (dunite, peridotite, serpentinite), basalt, gabbro whereas the latter is associated with shale, jasper, quartzite, and their weathered equivalents (kaolinitic and gibbsitic shale, quartzite, laterite etc.). So, the expected gangue minerals are different in these two cases. Similarly, the sulphide mineralisation is associated with hydrothermal veins ( quartz vein or quartz reef) intruded into various rock types (granites, basalt, meta-basalt, meta-sedimentary rocks). The Table-1 enlists the possible ore minerals and gangue minerals in the ores from wide range of deposits.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:dunite; peridotite; serpentinite; kaolinite; gibbsitic shale
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:5880
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:14 Aug 2012 09:53
Last Modified:14 Aug 2012 09:53
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