Processing of Tungsten Preconcentrate from Low Grade Ore to Recover Metallic Values

Pandey, B D and Kumar, Vinay and Bagchi, D and Jana, R K and Premchand, (2001) Processing of Tungsten Preconcentrate from Low Grade Ore to Recover Metallic Values. Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review: An International Journal, 22 (1). pp. 101-120.

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For the exploitation of a low grade tungsten deposit of Tapaskonda, A.P., India containing 0.1-0.16% WO3, preconcentrate with 13.06% WO3 was produced by physical beneficiation. This concentrate containing ferberite along with small amount of wolframite minerals was treated following two routes viz. soda ash roast-leach and alkali pressure leach processes. The parameters such as time, temperature, concentration of alkali, etc., have been studied to optimise the recovery of tungsten. In the soda roast -leach process about 89% tungsten was recovered by roasting the concentrate at 1073 K for 4h under the oxidising conditions. In the alkali pressure leaching process, tungsten recovery was 94% at 463K for 20bar pressure, 100g/L sodium hydroxide and 60 minutes time. The leaching kinetics followed diffusion control model with lixiviant reacting the mineral phase through the porous product layer. An activation energy of 31.2kJ/mole was acquired in the temperature range 428-473 K. The leach liquor was purified with respect to different impurities by a two-stage precipitation process. Tungsten from the purified leach solution was extracted by 10% Alamine-336 and 10% isodecanol in kerosene. The loaded metal when stripped with NH4OH produced ammonium paratungstate (APT) solution which was crystallised to get the crystal of APT. The alkali pressure leach-solvent extraction process was thus found attractive for treating such concentrates.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Tungsten concentrate, Soda roasting, Alkali pressure leaching, Solvent extraction, Ammonium paratungstate
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:5866
Deposited By:Dr. A K Sahu
Deposited On:07 Aug 2012 11:10
Last Modified:07 Aug 2012 11:10
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