Microstructural Study of Galvanized coatings formed in Pure as well as Commercial Grade Zn Baths

Mandal, G K and Mandal, D and Das, S K and Balasubramaniam, R and Mehrotra, S P (2007) Microstructural Study of Galvanized coatings formed in Pure as well as Commercial Grade Zn Baths. In: International Conference on Metals and Alloys : Past, Present and Future Metallo-2007, Dec. 7-10, 2007, NML, Jamshedpur.



The hot dip galvanizing is a complex metallurgical process wherein a steel strip is immersed in a zinc alloy bath normally between 450 and 480°C. The protective coating that is formed consists of a series of intermetallic Fe—Zn compound layers, which have been identified as gamma (r), delta (6), zeta (4) and an outer eta (T) layer, highly rich in Zn. There is no apparent delay in the formation of 4 or 6 phases (less than 5 s reaction time) in pure Zn bath as well as the commercial grade Zn bath. The gamma (I') phase is formed after an incubation time of 30 s at a bath temperature of 470°C in the pure Zn bath. The forma-tion and growth of F phase, however, is delayed in the commercial grade Zn bath. The last morphological feature is the formation of a second 4 layer at the 4/6 interface in reaction time above 30 s. Presence of Pb in the comme-rcial grade Zn bath seems to increase the overall coating thickness. Commercial grade Zn, however, enhances the dross formation in the bath and detoriates the quality of the coating. Presence of transverse cracks as well as entrapment of dross particles in these coatings is attr-ibuted to the less compact coatings that are formed in the commercial grade Zn baths. The present investigation is an effort to have a better understanding of the kinetics of growth and morphology of the coatings during the galva-nizing process in the pure as well as commercial grade Zn baths.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:http://eprints.nmlindia.org/5760
Uncontrolled Keywords:Microstructural Study; Galvanized Coatings; Commercial Grade
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:5760
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:10 Jul 2012 13:14
Last Modified:10 Jul 2012 13:14
Related URLs:

Repository Staff Only: item control page