Mechanical Activation of Boehmite produced by Thermal Transformation of Gibbsite

Alex, T C and Kumar, Rakesh and Roy, S K and Mehrotra, S P (2009) Mechanical Activation of Boehmite produced by Thermal Transformation of Gibbsite. In: The fourth Asian Particle Technology Symposium (APT 2009), September 14-16, 2009, Hotel Ashok, Delhi.



The Boehmite (y- A100H), widely used as a precursor material for various applications, is a difficult to treat material compared to its trihydroxide gibbsite [y- Al(OH)3]. Structural changes during mechanical acti-vation make it an attractive option to deal with such difficult to treat materials. This paper presents the effects of mechanical activation on the structure and reactivity of boehmite. Mechanical activation of boehmite derived from thermal decomposition of gibbsite was carried out on a planetary mill. The milled products were characterised by particle size, XRD, TG-DTA, FTIR. The reactivity of the activated boehmite was studied by alkali leaching. XRD studies showed that the starting material was X-ray pure boehmite. Particle size determined by laser diffraction based instrument showed that grinding equil-ibrium is reached within 30 minutes under the conditions used. The minimum d50 of the particle were about 611m whereas the d10 was in the sub micron range. Appearance no new peaks in XRD spectra confirmed no phase formation during the course of mechanical activation. However drastic changes in the peak characteristics could be seen with mechanical activation. The peak intensity of all the peaks decreased while the integral width increased with mechanical activation. This indicated a decrease in crystallite size and increase in accumulation of strain in the boehmite structure. The thermal profile of the samples, obtained from simultaneous TG-DTA analyser also showed systematic variation with increase in mechanical activ-ation. The boehmite to 7-A1203 transition temperature decreased with mechanical activation. On the other hand removal of physically adsorbed water molecules was beco-ming increasingly difficult. Additionally an exothermic peak, which was not observed in the case of unmilled boehmite in the temperature range under the study, appe-ared The intensity of this peak decreased with a decrease in mechanical activation time and not visible below 60 minutes of activation. The FTIR spectra also exhibited the structural changes. Changes in the nature of both the A1-0 bonds as well as that of H-OH bonds indicated struc-tural changes in the boehmite structure with mechanical activation time. The changes note in XRD, TG-DTA and FTIR studies signified changes in its reactivity. The results of alkali leaching of the activated boehmite substantiated the increase in reactivity ensued from mechanical activat-ion.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Trihydroxide gibbsite; alkali leaching; mechanical activation; Boehmite
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:5677
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:03 Jul 2012 16:38
Last Modified:03 Jul 2012 16:38
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