Process control & instrumentation for titanium sponge plant

Sreedhar, D and Sitaraman, T S and Ramachandran, C S (1996) Process control & instrumentation for titanium sponge plant. In: Proceedings of the National Seminar on Computer Applications in Materials & Metallurgical Engineering, Dec. 10-11, 1996, NML, Jamshedpur.



A large scale facility for establishing the technology of production of titanium sponge in 4000 kg batches by high temperature reduction of titanium tetrachloride has been set up at the Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad. The steps involved in the process are (i) two stage distillation for the purification of titanium tetrachloride (ii) high temperature reduction of titanium tetrachloride by molten magnesium followed by pyro-vacuum distillation of sponge in a combined reductionvacuum disti-llation furnace and (iii) processing of the sponge produ-ced which include sponge ejection, cutting, crushing and blending. To produce high purity sponge in a reproducible manner batch after batch, very close monitoring & control of process parameters is essential. In view of the highly reactive nature of the metal, any post reduction purifica-tion is totally ruled out. This paper discusses in detail the process control scheme adopted for the titanium tetra-chloride purification and reduction operations, highlight-ing the type of instrumentation adopted considering the corrosive nature of titanium tetrachloride. A microproce-ssor based Distributed Control System has been installed for controlling the process operation. Salient features of this system are also described in this paper.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Instrumentation; sponge ejection; cutting; crushing; blending
Divisions:Mathematical Modelling and Simulation
ID Code:5601
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:22 Jun 2012 15:05
Last Modified:22 Jun 2012 15:05
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