Preparation of alumina membranes for micro- and ultrafiltration applications

Das, N and Singh, K K and Maiti, H S (2002) Preparation of alumina membranes for micro- and ultrafiltration applications. British Ceramic Transactions, 101 (5). pp. 208-212.

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A very thin disc type ceramic rnembrane (0(.)3-0(.)8 nun thickness, 25-30 mm diameter) made of pure alumina and suitable for microfiltration applications has been prepared by a tape casting process. A sol coating was applied to the disc to form an ultrafiltration membrane. The pore size of the membrane could be varied in the range 0(.)1-0(.)7 mum and porosity in the range 25-55% by optimising the experimental parameters. The most important factor for determining the pore size of the membrane was found to be the initial particle size distribution of the ceramic powder. Firing temperature and soaking time are other crucial parameters affecting volumetric porosity. Water permeability through the membrane under suction and under positive pressure is comparable with that of ceramic membranes prepared by conventional methods. In addition, a typical membrane shows a very narrow pore size distribution in the range 0(.)1-0(.)4 mum, with a median pore size of 0(.)28 mum. A very sharp drop in the pore size distribution pattern around 0(.)4 mum indicates that no pores larger than this exist. This implies that all particles with radius > 0(.)4 mum are trapped in the membrane, providing excellent separation efficiency. Results of microbial separation tests confirmed the possibility of micro-organism separation through these membranes. (C) 2002 IoM Communications Ltd. Published by Maney for the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Materials Science, Ceramics
Divisions:Director Office
ID Code:5389
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:24 May 2012 15:14
Last Modified:24 May 2012 15:14
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