A thermodynamic approach to the viscous behavior of glass-forming liquids

Ramachandrarao, P and Dubey, K S (1995) A thermodynamic approach to the viscous behavior of glass-forming liquids. Materials Science and Engineering B-Solid State Materials for Advanced Technology , 32 (3). pp. 285-293.

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The temperature dependence of the viscosity of undercooled melts has an important role in the study of the nucleation, crystal growth and the glass-forming ability of materials. A novel expression for the Gibbs free energy difference Delta G between the undercooled liquid and the corresponding equilibrium solid has been reported by the authors and their coworkers using the hole theory of liquids as well as by expanding the free energies of the liquid and solid phases using Taylor series. The present paper elucidates how these expressions for Delta G are used to derive the temperature dependence of the viscosity of glass-forming melts. The temperature dependence of relaxation phenomena is also reviewed in the framework of the Adam and Gibbs approach based on the configurational entropy concept. The importance of the ideal glass transition temperature in the viscous behaviour of glass-forming liquids is also discussed.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?prod...
Uncontrolled Keywords:Glass Transition; Viscosity; Free Volume; Free Energy
Divisions:Director Office
ID Code:5375
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:24 May 2012 14:34
Last Modified:24 May 2012 14:34
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