Process Optimization for Friction-Stir-Welded Martensitic Steel

Ghosh, M and Kumar, K and Mishra, R S (2012) Process Optimization for Friction-Stir-Welded Martensitic Steel. Metallurgical & Materials Transactions A, 43A . pp. 1966-1975.

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Advanced high-strength M190 steel sheets were joined by friction-stir welding under different tool rotational and traversing speeds. The optical microstructure of the joints exhibited complete martensite and partial martensite at the weld nugget depending on the cooling rate during welding. The first heat-affected zone outside of the weld nugget revealed ferrite-pearlite phase aggregate, and the second heat-affected zone showed a tempered martensitic structure. The interplay of process variables in terms of peak temperature and cooling rate was studied to observe their effect on joint efficiency under shear testing. The peak hardness at weld nugget was close to the parent alloy at an intermediate cooling rate of 294 to 313 K/s. The lowest hardness was observed at the first heat-affected zone for all welded joints. Joint efficiency was dependent on relative quantity of ferrite-pearlite at first heat-affected zone. In that respect, the intermediate temperature to the tune of ~1193 K to 1273 K (~920 C to 1000 C) at the weld nugget was found to be beneficial for obtaining an adequate quantity of pearlite at the first heat-affected zone to provide joint efficiency of more than 50 pct of that of parent alloy.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http:\\10.1007/s11661-012-1084-x
Uncontrolled Keywords:friction stir welding, martensite, austenite, microstructure, mechanical properties
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:5077
Deposited By:Dr Mainak Ghosh
Deposited On:02 May 2012 09:21
Last Modified:27 May 2013 14:59
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