Optimization of friction stir welding parameters for dissimilar aluminum alloys

Ghosh, M and Kumar, K and Kailas, S V and Ray, Ajoy K (2010) Optimization of friction stir welding parameters for dissimilar aluminum alloys. Materials & Design, 31 (6). pp. 3033-3037.

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Assembly consisting of cast and wrought aluminum alloys has wide spread application in defense and aero space industries. For the efficacious use of the transition joints, the weld should have adequate strength and formability. In the present investigation, A356 and 6061 aluminum alloys were friction stir welded under tool rotational speed of 1000–1400 rpm and traversing speed of 80–240 mm/min, keeping other parameters same. The variable process window is responsible for the change in total heat input and cooling rate during welding. Structural characterization of the bonded assemblies exhibits recovery-recrystallization in the stirring zone and breaking of coarse eutectic network of Al–Si. Dispersion of fine Si rich particles, refinement of 6061 grain size, low residual stress level and high defect density within weld nugget contribute towards the improvement in bond strength. Lower will be the tool rotational and traversing speed, more dominant will be the above phenomena. Therefore, the joint fabricated using lowest tool traversing and rotational speed, exhibits substantial improvement in bond strength (98% of that of 6061 alloy), which is also maximum with respect to others.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2010.01.028
Uncontrolled Keywords:friction stir welding; dissimilar aluminum alloys
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:443
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:13 May 2010 11:38
Last Modified:14 Dec 2011 17:13
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