# Mathematical Modelling of Seperation Behaviour of a Spiral for Washing high ash Coal

Das, Suchandan K and Godiwalla, K M and Panda, Lopamudra and Bhattacharya, K K and Singh, Ratnakar and Mehrotra, S P (2006) Mathematical Modelling of Seperation Behaviour of a Spiral for Washing high ash Coal. In: International Symposium on Environment Friendly Technology in Mineral Processing and Metal Extraction (AETMME -2006), Nov, 2006, AETMME -2006.

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## Abstract

Sustained Coal R&D activity has been crucial to the many successful clean coal technology developments that have been achieved globally. The aim has been to enhance the competitiveness of coal by providing technical and envir-onmental improvements whilst at the same time reducing capital and operating costs. In coal preparation, simpler lower cost alternatives to froth flotation, such as the coal dense medium separator and spiral separators, have been adapted for cleaning of fine coal. A mathematical model has been developed to characterize the separation behavior of a typical high ash coal in a spiral. The modeling framework consists of parametric representation of geometry of the spiral and its trough, particulate flow along the helical path and principal forces acting on a particle during its motion. The elements have been combined seamlessly by assuming that the particles event-ually attain dynamic equilibrium in the forward longitu-dinal direction and static equilibrium in the transverse direction. The resulting force function provides a spect-rum of the particles' radial location on the trough according to their size and relative specific gravity. The model predicts relative specific gravity distribution and particle size as a function of equilibrium radial posi-tion. Sensitivities of radial equilibrium distribution of particle size and relative specific gravity with respect to mean flow depth have also been investigated. Simulation results are encouraging and validated with the published data. The model provides an analytical tool for better understanding of the separation behavior of particles in a coal-washing spiral.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper) http://eprints.nmlindia.org/4315 Spiral seperator; coal washing; fluid flow; equilibrium force balance Mathematical Modelling and Simulation 4315 Sahu A K 22 Nov 2011 10:32 15 Oct 2014 15:39 Organisation

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