Development of process for beneficiation of Low-grade iron ore samples from Orissa, India

Singh, Ratnakar and Rath, R K and Nayak, B and Bhattacharyya, K K (2011) Development of process for beneficiation of Low-grade iron ore samples from Orissa, India. In: International Conference on Mineral Processing Technology (MPT – 2011), 20-22 Oct 2011, Udiapur.



The paper deals with the results of characterisation and benefi ciations studies undertaken on two low-grade Indian iron ore samples (IO-1 and IO-2) with a view to develop process for benefi ciation of composite of the two samples to a high-grade concentrate, suitable for iron making through pelletisation. Indian iron ores contain relatively high iron but cost effective reduction of alumina within the specifi ed limits has been a challenging task. Characterisation of the samples revealed the ore to be laminated and fi ne grained with hematite as the major mineral. Clay is the dominating gangue in most of the ore pieces followed by silica. Occasionally goethite and quartz/jasper were recorded. Clay occurs either as patches within the hematite mass or as cavity/fracture fi llings. Liberation studies on the representative samples crushed to 2 mm indicated that around 95 per cent of the grains are liberated below 105 micron. Benefi ciation of the two individual samples and their composite based on gravity and magnetic separation techniques resulted in products with varying yield and grade of the products. The effects of various process parameters were studied. Granulometry of the feed was observed to be important for improving quality of concentrate. The results of bench-scale studies were validated through pilot-scale continuous trials. Based on the studies undertaken a suitable process was developed for beneficiation of the composite sample, comprising 60 per cent IO-1 and 40 per cent IO-2, to a high grade product assaying over 65 per cent Fe and material balance was computed. A commercial plant for beneficiation of low-grade iron ore to produce DRI pellet grade concentrate is proposed to be installed.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:iron ore, high alumina, characterisation, gravity and magnetic separation, process flow-sheet
Divisions:Mineral Processing
ID Code:4276
Deposited On:16 Nov 2011 13:09
Last Modified:26 Dec 2011 14:42
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