Leaching of Gold from the Waste Mobile Phone Printed Circuit Boards (PCBS) with Ammonium Thiosulphate

Tripathi, Abhishek and Kumar, Manoj and Agrawal, A and Sau, D C and Chakravarty, S and Mankhand, T R (2011) Leaching of Gold from the Waste Mobile Phone Printed Circuit Boards (PCBS) with Ammonium Thiosulphate. In: 15th International Conference on Nonferrous Metals 2011, 8-9 July 2011, Kolkata,India.

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The rapid growth in the use of electronic equipments, combined with early obsolescence has contributed enor-mously to the generation of large quantity electronic (e)waste. One such e-waste, the mobile phone, the printed circuit boards(PCBs)contain various precious metals which can be extracted by different hydrometallurgical routes. The present work deals with the recovery of gold using ammonium thiosuphate as a leaching agent from waste mobile PCBs containing 0.021 % Au, 0.1 % Ag, 56.68% copper, 1.61 % Ca, 1.42% Al, 1.40% Sn, 0.24% Fe, 0.22% Zn, 0.01 % Pd etc.. The cutting granules of 0.5 -3 mm PCBs were used for leaching in a 500 mL glass beaker in open atmosphere. The effect of various parameters viz. ammonium thiosulphate concentration, copper sulphate concentration, pH and pulp density was studied. A leaching of 56.7% gold was obtained under the optimum conditions of 0.JM ammonium thio-sulphate, 40 mM copper sulphate, pH.- 10-10.5, pulp den-sity: 10 g/L at room temperature and stirring speed of 250 rpm in 8h duration. The maximum leaching of gold in the pH range 10-10.5 may be attributed to the higher stability of the ammonium thiosulphate. The decomposition of ammonium thiosulphate in the different pH ranges was chemically analysed by iodometric method. The ammonium thiosulphate contents in the leach liquors were in agreement with the quantity of gold leached in the respective pH ranges. In this process the copper sulphate worked as a catalyst. The experiment conducted with complete PCBs scrap exhi-bited a leaching of 78.8% gold at the above optimised condition.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:http://eprints.nmlindia.org/4259
Uncontrolled Keywords:Waste mobile phone; printed circuit boards; ammonium thiosulphate leaching; gold leaching
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:4259
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:14 Nov 2011 15:22
Last Modified:24 Oct 2013 15:02
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