Physical Chemistry of the Reduction of Calcium Oxide with Aluminum in Vacuum

Jacob, K T and Srikanth, S (1990) Physical Chemistry of the Reduction of Calcium Oxide with Aluminum in Vacuum. High Temperature Materials and Processes, 9 (2-4). 77- .

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The physical chemistry of "aluminothermic" reduction of calcium oxide in vacuum is analyzed.Basic thermodynamic data required for the analysis have been generated by a variety of experiments. These include activity measu-rements in liquid Al-Ca alloys and determination of the Gibbs energies of formation of calcium alumirtates. These data have been correlated with phase relations in the Ca-Al-0 system at 1373 IC The various stages of reduction, the end prr ducts and the corresponding equilibrium partial pressures of calcium have been established from thermodynamic conside rations. In principle, the recovery of calcium can he improved by reducing the pressure in the reactor. Honvever, the cost of a high vacuum system and the enhanced time for reduction needed to achieve higher yields makes such a practice uneconomic, Aluminum contamination of calcium also increases at low pressures. The best compromise is to carry the reduction up to the stage where 3CaO'Al_O3 is formed as the product. This corresponds to an equilibrium calcium partial ptcssure of 31.3 Pa at 1373 K and 91.6 Pa. at 1460 K. Calcium can be extracted at this pressure using mech-anical pumps in approximately 8 to 15 hr,depending on the site and the fill ratio of the retort and porosity of the charge briquettes.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Calcium oxide; calcium aluminates; aluminothermic
Divisions:Director Office
ID Code:4042
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:26 Sep 2011 12:03
Last Modified:14 Feb 2013 15:39
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