Diffusion in evaporated films of magnesium-aluminium

Trehan, Y N (1968) Diffusion in evaporated films of magnesium-aluminium. In: symposium on Non-ferrous Metals Techonology. NML Jamshedpur, Jamshedpur, pp. 148-154.



VACUUM deposition can easily produce metal films of uniform thickness. When two such metal films are deposited, one over the other, and the resultant double layer film is annealed , diffusion will occur at the common interface, resulting in the formation of either a solid solution or intermetallic compounds or both. The presence of the diffusion layers can be confirmed by electron -diffraction or X-ray diffraction or deduced from other measurements , such as electrical resistance or adhesion ( Weaver and Hill, 1959). These methods can give only a qualitative picture and cannot normally give the rate of growth of the diff-usion layer and hence the diffusion coefficient of the system . Techniques used for determining diffusion coefficients in bulk diffusion couples are inapplicable to the study in evaporated thin films, since it is imp-ossible to section them, and the quantity of material available is not sufficient for chemical analysis. In thin films it is much more convenient to measure the time required for one film to be completely penetrated by atoms of the other metal. This can be done simply by measuring the variation of reflectivity with time and this technique has been used by Schopper (1955)2 for study of diffusion of lead into gold and by Weaver and Browne (1962, 1963, 1968 ) for study of diffusion in evaporated film of gold-aluminium , gold-lead and silver-aluminium.

Item Type:Book or NML Publication
Official URL/DOI:http://eprints.nmlindia.org/3783
Uncontrolled Keywords:Intermetallic compounds, Silver-aluminium, Electron-diffraction
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:3782
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:13 Aug 2011 18:18
Last Modified:06 Jan 2012 12:36
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