Substitution of Alloying Elements by Grain Size Control of Alloy Steels

Nijhawan, B R and Chatterjea, A B (1958) Substitution of Alloying Elements by Grain Size Control of Alloy Steels. In: Symposium on Production, Properties, and Applications of Alloy and special Steel, Feb. 1-4, 1956, NML, Jamshedpur.



Fine-grained steels have many advantages such as are usually obtained through additions of alloying elements; among these are: wider heating ranges and higher grain-coarsening temperatures, relative freedom from low tempe-rature embrittlement, higher toughness at a given strength, less trouble from warping and distortion, greater uniformity in response to heat treatment, and simplification of heat-treating cycles by elimination of treatments such as post-carburizing, refining, etc. It has been brought out in this paper that for many appli-cations grain-refined carbon steels can replace coarse-grained low-alloy steels, excluding, of course, cases where hardenability is critical. The uses of grain-refined steels in automotive applications have been outlined. Grain size control of low-alloy heat-treated steels is part of normal specifications in the U.S.A., but general acceptance of such specifications has been lacking in the U.K. and Europe. In India the U.S.A. grain-size specifi-cation pattern is followed slavishly by some firms, but the other firms follow the U.K. practice. A plea is put forward to rationalize this practice and evolve a uniform attitude to grain size control inthe industry,

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Warping, Distortion
Divisions:Director Office
ID Code:3648
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:29 Jul 2011 13:16
Last Modified:26 Dec 2011 11:56
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