Bhagat, R P (2001) Kinetics of sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate adsorption on hematite and its interaction with polyacrylamide. Colloid and Polymer Science, 279 (1). pp. 33-38.
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This article describes the adsorption of sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate, an anionic surfactant, on a hematite surface and that when the surface is preadsorbed with polyacrylamide. The adsorption of surfactant on a hematite surface has been studied through equilibration and during kinetics measurements at three pH levels, viz. 4.0, 7.0, 8.9. The surfactant adsorbs strongly on the hematite surface. The adsorption density at equilibrium as well as the rate of adsorption are dependent on the suspension pH. The maximum adsorption density has been observed at pH 4, which reflects strong adsorption of negatively charged sulfonate ions on the oppositely charged Fe2O3 surface (point of zero charge, 6.4). The adsorption density reaches its equilibrium value sooner in the case of an alkaline suspension and later in the case of acidic pH. The polymer surfactant interaction has been noticed in the present study and is also a function of pH. The hematite mineral when preadsorbed with the polymer draws fewer of the surfactant molecules at lower surface coverage (during the initial period of the kinetics measurement) irrespective of the pH. When the adsorption of the surfactant reaches a value which is near the equilibrium one, the pH effect is evident. In the case of acidic pH, the surfactant adsorbs more on the hematite surface when preadsorbed with the polymer compared to the bare surface. In the case of neutral or alkaline pH, however, the density of surfactant adsorption remains lower throughout the kinetics measurement when the surface is preadsorbed with the flocculant compared to the bare surface. The particles also remain flocculated till the end of the experiment, whereas at pH 4 the particles are deflocculated. In addition to pH, the electrostatic nature of the adsorbent and the presence of anionic surfactant have an influence on the flocculation-deflocculation phenomena. The polymer-surfactant interaction has been schematically represented. The surfactant is bound with polymeric chains as a combination of its monomeric form as well as in the form of association in the case of acidic media and in competition with polymer in the case of alkaline media.
|Official URL/DOI:||DOI: 10.1007/s003960000390|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||flotation; surfactant; hematite; adsorption; kinetics|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||20 Jul 2011 13:14|
|Last Modified:||13 Dec 2011 16:35|
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