Review of hydrometallurgical recovery of zinc from industrial wastes

Jha, Manis K and Kumar, Vinay and Singh, R J (2001) Review of hydrometallurgical recovery of zinc from industrial wastes. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 33 (1). pp. 1-22.

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Zinc containing wastes/secondaries viz. zinc ash, dross, flue dusts, sludge, residue etc. are generated in various chemical and metallurgical industries. The materials contain different level of impurities depending on the source. The hydrometallurgical processing is effective and flexible for treating such materials as it can control the different level of impurities. Depending on the nature and composition of the secondaries, a suitable lixiviant could be selected to dissolve the desired metals leaving gangue in the residue. In the present paper, the hydrometallurgical processes have been described for the recovery of zinc from the secondaries using sulphuric acid, hydrochloric acid, ammoniacal solution and sodium hydroxide etc. as lixiviants. The leach solution thus obtained has been purified with respect to dissolved impurities using precipitation, ion exchange or solvent extraction method. The metal or salt is produced from the purified solution by electrolysis or crystallization.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Zinc recovery; Secondaries and wastes containing zinc; Hydrometallurgical processing; Leaching; Solvent extraction
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:350
Deposited On:07 Dec 2009 18:18
Last Modified:27 Dec 2013 17:30
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