Mathematical modeling of particle segregation during centrifugal casting of metal matrix composites

Panda, E and Mazumdar, D and Mehrotra, S P (2006) Mathematical modeling of particle segregation during centrifugal casting of metal matrix composites. Metallurgical And Materials Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy And Materials Science , 37 A (5). pp. 1675-1687.

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A one-dimensional transient heat-transfer model coupled with an equation for force balance on particles is developed to predict the particle segregation pattern in a centrifugally cast product, temperature distribution in the casting and the mold, and time for complete solidification. The force balance equation contains a repulsive force term for the particles that are in the vicinity of the solid/liquid interface. The solution of the model equations has been obtained by the pure implicit finite volume technique with modified variable time-step approach. It is seen that for a given set of operating conditions, the thickness of the particle-rich region in the composite decreases with an increase in rotational speed, particle size, relative density difference between particles and melt, initial pouring temperature, and initial mold temperature. With reduced heat-transfer coefficient at the casting/mold interface, the solidification time increases, which, in turn, results in more intense segregation of solid particulates. Again, with increased initial volume fraction of the solid particulates in the melt, both the solidification time and the final thickness of the particulate-rich region increase. It is noted that for Al-Al2O3 and Al-SiC systems, in castings produced using finer particles, lower rotational speeds, and an enhanced heat-transfer coefficient at the casting/mold interface, the volume fraction of particles in the outer layer of the casting remains more or less the same as in the initial melt. However, for castings produced with coarser particles at higher rotational speeds and reduced heat-transfer coefficients at the casting/mold interface, intense segregation is predicted even at the outer periphery of the casting. In the case of the Al-Gr system, however, intense segregation is predicted at the innermost layers.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Solidification Front; Behavior; Interface; Heat
Divisions:Mathematical Modelling and Simulation
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ID Code:3384
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:19 Jul 2011 12:13
Last Modified:06 Feb 2012 17:46
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