Adsorption of arsenate on synthetic goethite from aqueous solutions

Lakshmipathiraj, P and Narasimhan, B R V and Prabhakar, S and Bhaskar Raju, G (2006) Adsorption of arsenate on synthetic goethite from aqueous solutions. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 136 (2). pp. 281-287.

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Goethite was synthesized from the oxidation of ferrous carbonate precipitated from the double decomposition of ferrous sulfate doped with sodium lauryl sulfate (an anionic surfactant) and sodium carbonate in aqueous medium. The specific surface area and pore volume of goethite were 103 m(2) and 0.50 cm(3) g(-1) . Batch experiments were conducted to study the efficacy of removal of arsenic(V) using this goethite as adsorbent for solutions with 5-25 mg l(-1) of arsenic(V). The nature of adsorption was studied by zeta-potential measurements. The adsorption process followed by Langmuir isotherm and diffusion coefficient of arsenate was determined to be 3.84 x 10(11) cm(2) s(-1). The optimum pH of adsorption was found to be 5.0. The kinetics of adsorption was evaluated with 10 mg 1(-1) and 20 mg 1(-1) of As(V) solutions and activation energy of adsorption, as calculated from isoconversional method was in the range of 20 U mol(-1) to 43 U mol(-1). This suggests that the adsorption process is by diffusion at the initial phase and later through chemical control. FT-IR characterization of arsenic treated goethite indicated the presence of both As-O-Fe and As-O groups and supported the concept of surface complex formation. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.12.015
Uncontrolled Keywords:goethite; arsenate; kinetics; isoconversional method; Langmuir isotherm
Divisions:NML Chennai
ID Code:3367
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:19 Jul 2011 12:00
Last Modified:07 Oct 2011 14:33
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