Performance Assessment of CO2 Treated Fluxed Iron Oxide Pellets in Basic Oxygen Steel Making Process

Pal, J and Ghorai, S and Singh, D P and Upadhyay, A K and Ghosh, Sukomal and Ghosh, Dinabandhu and Bandyopadhyay, D (2010) Performance Assessment of CO2 Treated Fluxed Iron Oxide Pellets in Basic Oxygen Steel Making Process. ISIJ International, 50 (1). pp. 105-114.

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Lump lime and iron ore are generally used in BOF as flux and cooling material respectively. Owing to high melting point, poor dissolution property, fines generation and hygroscopic nature of lump lime, delay in process and operational complexities are generally encountered. On the other hand, iron ore charging creates slag foaming. In order to alleviate the above problems and to utilize waste materials, fluxed iron oxide pellets containing waste iron oxides (similar to 70%) and lime fines (similar to 30%) were prepared and subsequently strengthened with CO2 gas treatment. This carbonated fluxed pellets exhibited very good CCS (30 kg/pellet) and DSN (150), suitable for cold handling. The performance of this pellet has been assessed in a laboratory scale bottom blowing converter for its specific use in BOF The refining characteristic of a liquid bath, prepared with pig iron chips was studied using a laboratory scale bottom blowing converter with three flux conditions namely fluxed pellet plus additional lime, iron ore lump plus lump lime and only lump lime. It has been observed that use of these pellets improves decarburization and dephosphorization, increases the metallic yield, decreases oxygen consumption and reduces foaming. Overall, the developed pellet shows very good application potential in basic oxygen steel making.

Item Type:Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords:fluxed iron oxide pellet; CO2 treatment; refining study; oxygen bottom blowing; carbon removal; phosphorus removal; silicon removal; Mn removal; sulphur removal; metallic yield; foaming
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:3283
Deposited On:13 Jul 2011 11:46
Last Modified:06 Feb 2012 17:25
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