Theoretical Investigation of the Interfacial Reactions during Hot-Dip Galvanizing of Steel

Mandal, G K and Balasubramaniam, R and Mehrotra, S P (2009) Theoretical Investigation of the Interfacial Reactions during Hot-Dip Galvanizing of Steel. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, 40-A (3). pp. 637-645.

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In the modern galvanizing line, as soon as the steel strip enters the aluminum-containing zinc bath, two reactions occur at the strip and the liquid-zinc alloy interface: (1) iron rapidly dissolves from the strip surface, raising the iron concentration in the liquid phase at the strip-liquid interface; and (2) aluminum forms a stable aluminum-iron intermetallic compound layer at the strip-coating interface due to its greater affinity toward iron. The main objective of this study is to develop a simple and realistic mathematical model for better understanding of the kinetics of galvanizing reactions at the strip and the liquid-zinc alloy interface. In the present study, a model is proposed to simulate the effect of various process parameters on iron dissolution in the bath, as well as, aluminum-rich inhibition layer formation at the substrate-coating interface. The transient-temperature profile of the immersed strip is predicted based on conductive and convective heat-transfer mechanisms. The inhibition-layer thickness at the substrate-coating interface is predicted by assuming the cooling path of the immersed strip consists of a series of isothermal holds of infinitesimal time-step. The influence of galvanizing reaction is assessed by considering nucleation and growth mechanisms at each hold time, which is used to estimate the total effect of the immersion time on the formation mechanism of the inhibition layer. The iron- dissolution model is developed based on well established principles of diffusion taking into consideration the area fraction covered by the intermetallic on the strip surface during formation of the inhibition layer. The model can be effectively used to monitor the dross formation in the bath by optimizing the process parameters. Theoretical predictions are compared with the findings of other researchers. Simulated results are in good agreement with the theoretical and experimental observation carried out by other investigators.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:DOI: 10.1007/s11661-008-9748-2
Uncontrolled Keywords:Molten Aluminum; Liquid Zinc; Al-Zn; Coatings; Sheet; Iron; Dissolution; Phase
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:3211
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:07 Jul 2011 16:14
Last Modified:08 Jul 2011 13:05
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