Effect of Cyclic Thermal Process on Ultrafine Grain Formation in AISI 304L Austenitic Stainless Steel

Ravi Kumar, B and Mahato, B and Sharma, S and Sahu, J K (2009) Effect of Cyclic Thermal Process on Ultrafine Grain Formation in AISI 304L Austenitic Stainless Steel. Metallurgical And Materials Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy And Materials Science , 40A (13). pp. 3226-3234.

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As-received hot-rolled commercial grade AISI 304L austenitic stainless steel plates were solution treated at 1060 degrees C to achieve chemical homogeneity. Microstructural characterization of the solution-treated material revealed polygonal grains of about 85-mu m size along with annealing twins. The solution-treated plates were heavily cold rolled to about 90 pct of reduction in thickness. Cold-rolled specimens were then subjected to thermal cycles at various temperatures between 750 degrees C and 925 degrees C. X-ray diffraction showed about 24.2 pct of strain-induced martensite formation due to cold rolling of austenitic stainless steel. Strain-induced martensite formed during cold rolling reverted to austenite by the cyclic thermal process. The microstructural study by transmission electron microscope of the material after the cyclic thermal process showed formation of nanostructure or ultrafine grain austenite. The tensile testing of the ultrafine-grained austenitic stainless steel showed a yield strength 4 to 6 times higher in comparison to its coarse-grained counterpart. However, it demonstrated very poor ductility due to inadequate strain hardenability. The poor strain hardenability was correlated with the formation of strain-induced martensite in this steel grade.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:DOI:10.1007/s11661-009-0033-9
Uncontrolled Keywords:Deformation-Induced Martensite; Low-Carbon Steel; Bonding Arb Process; Reversion; Refinement; Metals; Mechanism; Behavior
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:3192
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:07 Jul 2011 15:47
Last Modified:17 Nov 2011 09:43
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