Microstructures and magnetic properties of rapidly solidified Ni54Fe27-2xGa19+2x ferromagnetic Heusler alloys

Aich, S and Das, D and Al-Omari, I A and Alagarsamy, P and Ghosh Chowdhury, S and Chakraborty, M and Shield, J E and Sellmyer, D J (2009) Microstructures and magnetic properties of rapidly solidified Ni54Fe27-2xGa19+2x ferromagnetic Heusler alloys. Journal of Applied Physics, 105 (7). 07A943.

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Rapidly solidified Ni54Fe27-2xGa19+2x (x=0, 1, 2, 3, and 4) ferromagnetic shape memory alloys were made by melt-spinning with variation of Fe and Ga contents to report on the martensitic phase transformation, microstructures, and magnetic properties. Rapid solidification produced pure L2(1) phase by preventing the formation of gamma-phase. To study the effect of heat treatment on the phase transitions, microstructures, and the magnetic properties, the melt-spun ribbons were partly heat treated at different temperatures of 800, 900, 1000, 1100, and 1200 K with holding times of 5, 10, and 15 min followed by either water quenching or air cooling. The microstructures of the as-spun ribbons as revealed by electron microscopy studies exhibited a gradual transition from cellular to dendritic structure with increasing Ga concentration and with the presence of some internal martensitic twin bands at higher Ga content. The ribbons exhibited very low coercivity with high saturation magnetization, as high as similar to 87 emu/g (decreasing with Ga concentration). The above-ambient Curie temperature (T-C) and the subambient martensitic transition temperature (T-m) were observed to be similar to 320 and similar to 195 K, respectively. At higher heat treatment temperatures formation of ductile gamma phases was observed. (c) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [DOI: 10.1063/1.3073839]

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:DOI: 10.1063/1.3073839
Uncontrolled Keywords:Shape-Memory Alloys; Fe-Ga Alloys; Martensitic-Transformation; NI2MNGA; Phase; System; Order
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:3178
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:06 Jul 2011 14:04
Last Modified:13 Dec 2011 15:14
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