Characterisation of Apatite and secondary Phosphate Minerals in Sukulu Phosphatic Soil, Uganda

Chattopadhyay, A (1997) Characterisation of Apatite and secondary Phosphate Minerals in Sukulu Phosphatic Soil, Uganda. In: UNSPECIFIED.



The Sukulu deposits were first discovered to be of economic significance in the 1950's which is a ring carbonatite complex of 5 km in diameter. Although the original carbonatite has been considered subeconontic, leaching and watering of the rock has resulted in over 200 million tons of residual soil, rich in apatite, magnetite and other heavy minerals. The sample, in general, made up offanes and friable concretions heavily coated with ferruginous and limonitic materials.The X-ray powder diffraction of the soil indicates the presence ofapatite as a dominant, primary phosphatic phase, the cell parameters of which are almost in between pure fluor and hydroxylapatite end members. Refractive index (R..L) study, geochemical analysis and X-ray mineralogy indicate that the apatite is of mixed composition with fluorapatite structure and bear a close resemblance to that of apatite from Beldih, Purulia district, West Bengal.Crandallite is the major secondary phosphatic phase associated with goyazite and gorceixite. Magnetite (martitised along the cleavage plane and fracture plane), hematite, quartz, limonite and maghemite are the major gangue minerals. Ferro columbite, pyrochlore, zircon and limonite are the heavy minerals that are present in the sample. The liberation study shows that most of the composite grains (iron minerals + silicates) are concentrated above 100 mesh fractions while most of the free apatite are within the size range of 100 to 200 mesh.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sukulu Phosphatic Soil
Divisions:Mineral Processing
ID Code:2858
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:23 May 2011 16:09
Last Modified:13 Jan 2012 11:24
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