Role of ferric ions in bioleaching of uranium from low tenor Indian ore

Abhilash, and Pandey, B D (2011) Role of ferric ions in bioleaching of uranium from low tenor Indian ore. Canadian Metallurgical Quaterly, 50 (2). pp. 102-112.

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The role of biogenic ferric ions in leaching of uranium by Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans from a low grade ore of Turamdih mines, India, has been investigated. Using the enriched culture of bacterial isolate containing mainly A. ferrooxidans from the source mine water, biorecovery of 98% uranium at 20% (w/v) pulp density, pH 1.7 and 35oC temperature using ,76 mm particles in 40 days was obtained. The effect of temperature on bioleaching of uranium showed higher recovery at 35oC. The uranium dissolution was facilitated by iron(III) available in the leach liquor because of bacterial oxidation of pyrite and chemical dissolution of magnetite present in the ore under acidic conditions. The biogenically generated Fe(III) ions enhanced uranium dissolution from the uraninite ore. The bioleaching of uranium appeared to follow a chemical control kinetic model with the reaction of lixiviant, Fe(III) and acid on the surface of the solid in the temperature range 25– 35oC. Phase identification by XRD and the study of surface morphology of the ore and the residue by SEM study corroborated the above mechanism of uranium leaching

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Uranium, Silicate ore, Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, Ferric ions, Bioleaching, Kinetics
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:2777
Deposited By:Dr. Abhilash .
Deposited On:19 Apr 2011 21:43
Last Modified:21 Nov 2011 11:52

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