A numerical model for cyclic solid-liquid phase change

Rath, R K and Kar, S (2010) A numerical model for cyclic solid-liquid phase change. In: Proceedings of the XI International Seminar on Mineral Processing Technology (MPT-2010), Dec 2010, NML Jamshedpur, India.

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An enthalpy based Fixed-Grid method is developed for modeling cyclic solid-liquid phase change in pure metal subjected to periodic boundary condition. A two-dimensional model is developed for the melting and solidification cycle of pure gallium. The model also includes the natural convection effect in the liquid zone. One of the boundaries is subjected to periodic variation of the temperature and flux. An enthalpy based fixed grid approach is used to solve the energy equation. The SIMPLER algorithm of Patankar is used to calculate the flow variables from continuity and momentum equations. The Tri-Diagonal-Matrix-Algorithm is used to solve the algebraic discrete equations. The melting and solidification fronts are captured implicitly by calculating the latent heat content at each control volume. An iterative update procedure is developed to update the latent heat content at each control volume. The proposed methodology is very simple to implement as the grid size is fixed. Since the grid size is fixed, hence the computational domain is also fixed. The domain is discretized once at the beginning of computation. The results obtained using the proposed enthalpy method is being validated with the available analytical and experimental results. It is seen that, the solidification front takes a rather more regular shape, than the melting front. This is because of the rapid dissipation of temperature gradients in the melt. Hence, the movement of the solidification front is not modified by the fluid flow.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:http://www.nmlindia.org
Uncontrolled Keywords:Enthalpy, Fixed-grid method, Control volume, SIMPLER, Melting, Solidification.
Divisions:Mineral Processing
ID Code:2385
Deposited By:Dr. A K Sahu
Deposited On:19 Jan 2011 11:08
Last Modified:12 Jan 2021 17:00
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